A Manual Film Camera for the Digital Age
The Nikon FM3a is one of the most refined manual SLR’s ever made, and as a 21st century manual focus SLR, somewhat of a throwback. It was produced in 2001 when the shift to digital cameras was well underway. The model was the last of Nikon’s semi-professional line of compact 35 mm film SLRs and one of the brand’s last film cameras; only the autofocus F6 SLR of 2004 and Nikon’s limited edition rangefinder swan song, the SP of 2005, came later.
The D1X, an improved version of Nikons first DSLR, the D1, was already out by the time the FM3a was launched. The retro looking FM3a sat on shelves in camera shops around the world next to the hulking digital flagship and autofocus film cameras such as the F5 and F100. Increasing digital camera sales, low sales volume and the increasing costs of such a mechanically sophisticated unit put paid to the FM3A in January 2006. This left only the Nikon F6 and the Nikon FM10 in Nikon’s 35mm film SLR line.
Nikon built the FM3a for serious amateur photographers who wanted a a high quality camera with full manual control. Personally, I am grateful for that. It may be a camera out of time, but it is an outstanding piece of engineering: compact, handsome, precise, durable, reliable and a pleasure to shoot with.
Evolution of the FM/FE Series
The first model of the mechanical Nikon FM series, the FM was introduced in 1977. Along with the electronic FE of 1978, the FM replaced the mechanical Nikkormat FT series and electronic Nikon EL series. In 1983 Nikon introduced the mechanical FM2 with a honeycomb-pattern titanium curtain shutter that enabled a top shutter speed of 1/4000 sec and 1/200 sec for flash sync. This was a huge step forward compared to the FM’s 1/1000 sec. and 1/125 sec. The electronic Nikon FE2 followed later the same year.
Launch and Packaging
The Nikon FM3a was introduced in February 2001 at the PMA show in Orlando, Florida. Prior its introduction, Nikon customers had to choose between the mechanical FM model with manual exposure control or the electronic FE with aperture priority mode that wouldn’t work without batteries. After the FM3a became available photographers had the best of both worlds with a hybrid shutter that allows both electronically-controlled auto-exposure shooting and full manual control without the need for batteries.
The FM3a was available in black and chrome. For the chrome version there was a matching Nikkor 45 mm f/2.8P pancake lens which contained a CPU to enable it function with Nikon’s autofocus cameras. The FM3A could make use of a range of accessories such as the Nikon MD-12 motor drive, the MF-16 databack and the various TTL flashes.
What Makes the Nikon FM3a a Great Camera?
The Nikon FM3a is one of the most refined manual SLR’s ever made. Its compact size, large bright viewfinder, ergonomic controls, excellent analogue light meter display and accurate focusing split image focusing screen make it a pleasure to use. The absence of the normal SLR blackout on the FM3A is an added bonus.
An Engineering Marvel
Under the covers the Nikon FM3a has one of the most advanced SLR shutters ever built – a marvel of compact mechanical engineering. It is built to such a high standard that it can shoot at 1/4000 of a second without battery power, which makes fast shutter speeds much more attainable. This is a feat most other mechanical shutters just can’t match, topping out at 1/1000 or 1/2000 of a second.
Adding batteries powers the excellent analogue light meter, the electronically controlled shutter for aperture priority shooting, exposure lock, and DX film coding. They also enable the TTL flash exposure compensation for fill flash – the only manual-focus Nikon to have this feature.
It weighs in at 570g, only a little more than the king of compact SLRs – the Olympus OM-1 (510g). At 142.5 x 90 x 58 mm it also compares well against the OM-1’s diminutive 136 x 83 x 50 mm form factor.
I enjoy using the analogue light meter, which is easy to use and much preferable to LCD displays such as the one on my F3. The two needles, one matched to your settings and one to the light measured by the meter, are clear and easy to see. That analogue instrument is also far more durable than LEDs. When the inevitable electronics apocalypse claims many of my cameras the FM3a will just keep going…
Nikon FM3a Specifications
- Shutter: Vertical-travel, metal focal-plane shutter: 8 to 8 to 1/4000 sec step-less aperture-priority auto. Bulb, 1 to 1/4000 sec manual with mechanical control (all settings available without batteries in manual).
- Viewfinder frame Coverage: Approx. 93%
- Viewfinder Magnification: Approx. 0.83x with 50-mm lens set to infinity
- Focusing screen: K3 type (split prism-image microprism type, Clear Matte Screen IIa) standard, B3 type and E3 type optional
- Viewfinder information: Shutter speed, exposure meter indication, shutter indication, direct aperture value, exposure compensation mark, ready light
- Exposure Compensation: ±2 EV in units of 1/3 EV
- Auto Exposure Lock: AE lock button
- Self-timer: Mechanical, countdown time of approx. 4 to 10 seconds
- TTL flash Compensation: Compensation to -1 EV activated with the TTL flash compensation button
- Automatic DX film recognition
- Film-check window On rear of camera
- Power Source: One 3-V lithium battery (CR-1/3N type), two 1.55 V silver batteries (SR44 type), or two 1.5 V alkaline batteries (LR44 type)
- Dimensions (W x H x D): Approx. 142.5 x 90 x 58 mm / 5.6 x 3.5 x 2.3 in.
- (camera body only)
- Weight: Approx. 570 g / 20.1 oz. (camera body only, including battery)
Future Proof Pleasure
The FM3a is an outstanding piece of engineering that will last long into the future. It is compact, handsome, precise, durable, reliable and a pleasure to shoot with. For me, along with the F, F2 and F6 it is one of Nikon’s greatest cameras. It has its fair share of entries on the greatest ever film cameras lists too – for good reason.